Meet Joy

A railway veteran and social activist, Joy has traveled far but was never just along for the ride. A failing heart valve wasn’t going to get in her way. See why TAVR by Edwards meant her journey was far from over.


Waiting is not winning

You should know the American College of Cardiology and the American Heart Association recommend that patients receive treatment as soon as they are diagnosed with heart valve failure and start to experience symptoms. Once symptoms start, people with heart valve failure who don’t replace their failing aortic valve put their lives at risk.1

All patients diagnosed with heart valve failure should ask for a TAVR evaluation.

Additional types of patients who should ask for a TAVR evaluation include:1-2

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Bicuspid aortic valve patients who are experiencing symptoms. Open heart surgery is sometimes the best option, but it's not always the only option.

Heart icon representing open heart surgery

Patients at high risk for surgery and who need another valve procedure (valve-in-valve).


Graphic depicting that once symptoms start, 10% may die within 5 weeks; 50% may die within 2 years; 80% may die within 5 years

The longer you wait, the deadlier heart valve failure gets. Ask your doctor if it’s time for TAVR (transcatheter aortic valve replacement).3


Heart valve failure can happen to anyone regardless of age, gender, or zip code, and these factors can determine who lives or dies from it. But it shouldn’t be this way. It’s clearly affecting people who are medically underserved:

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Older adults are

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Black Americans may
be at greater risk for
early-onset heart
valve disease5,10

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Women are diagnosed later,
and over 20% fewer TAVRs
are done in women vs men
(a gap that continues to grow)7,11

Icon of heart valve with warning sign symbol in front of it

Black and Hispanic
Americans receive fewer
treatments for failing
heart valves5,6,12

While heart valve failure can happen to anyone, it is treatable. If you have heart valve failure, ask to be referred to a Heart Valve Team right away. You have options.5-8

Not all TAVR valves are the same

See why receiving a TAVR valve by Edwards matters.

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References: 1.Otto CM, Nishimura RA, Bonow RO, et al. 2020 ACC/AHA guideline for the management of patients with valvular heart disease: a report of the American College of Cardiology/American Heart Association Joint Committee on Clinical Practice Guidelines. Circulation. 2021;143(5):e72-e227. 2.Landes U, Webb JG, De Backer O, et al. Repeat transcatheter aortic valve replacement for transcatheter prosthesis dysfunction. J Am Coll Cardiol. 2020;75(16):1882-1893. 3.Otto CM. Timing of aortic valve surgery. Heart. 2000;84(2):211-218. 4.Malaisrie SC, McDonald E, Kruse J, et al. Mortality while waiting for aortic valve replacement. Ann Thorac Surg. 2014;98(5):1564-1571. 5.Ahmed Y, van Bakel PAJ, Hou H, et al. Racial and ethnic disparities in diagnosis, management and outcomes of aortic stenosis in the Medicare population. PLoS One. 2023;18(4):e0281811. 6.Rodriguez BC, Acharya P, Salazar-Fields C, Horne A. Comparison of frequency of referral to cardiothoracic surgery for aortic valve disease in Blacks, Hispanics, and Whites. Am J Cardiol. 2017;120(3):450-455. 7.Tribouilloy C, Bohbot Y, Rusinaru D, et al. Excess mortality and undertreatment of women with severe aortic stenosis. J Am Heart Assoc. 2021;10(1):e018816. 8.Crousillat DR, Amponsah DK, Camacho A, et al. Racial and ethnic differences in the clinical diagnosis of aortic stenosis. J Am Heart Assoc. 2022;11(24):e028131. 9.Owens DS, Bartz TM, Buzkova P, et al. Cumulative burden of clinically significant aortic stenosis in community-dwelling older adults. Heart. 2021;107(18):1493-1502. 10.Czarny MJ, Hasan RK, Post WS, Chacko M, Schena S, Resar JR. Inequities in aortic stenosis and aortic valve replacement between Black/African American, White, and Hispanic residents of Maryland. J Am Heart Assoc. 2021;10(14):e017487. 11.Carroll JD, Mack MJ, Vemulapalli S, et al. STS-ACC TVT registry of transcatheter aortic valve replacement. Ann Thorac Surg. 2020;111(2):701-722. 12.Elbadawi A, Naqvi SY, Elgendy IY, et al. Ethnic and gender disparities in the uptake of transcatheter aortic valve replacement in the United States. Cardiol Ther. 2019;8(2):151-155.

Patients and/or clinicians quoted on this website have received compensation from Edwards Lifesciences.